In many cases of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) there is no reason why a person develops the condition.
However, one of the known causes of GORD is a problem with a muscle, known as the lower oesophageal sphincter (LOS), which is located at the bottom of the oesophagus (gullet).
The LOS works in a similar way to a valve. It opens to let food into your stomach, and it closes to prevent any acid leaking back up into your oesophagus.
However, in people with GORD, the LOS can become weakened, which allows stomach acid to pass back into the oesophagus. This causes the symptoms of heartburn, such as a burning pain or a feeling of discomfort in your stomach and chest.
Other causes of GORD can include:
Gastroparesis is common in people who have diabetes because high blood sugar levels can damage the nerves that control the stomach.
A number of possible risk factors are known to increase your likelihood of developing GORD. These include:
There are a number of medications that can relax the LOS, leading to the symptoms of GORD.
Acid reflux an introduction - Find everything you need to know about Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease including causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, with links to other useful resources.... more
Acid Reflux - Symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease - The three most common symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) are: heartburn regurgitation of acid into your throat and mouth ... more
Acid Reflux - Causes of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease - In many cases of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) there is no reason why a person develops the condition.However, one of the known causes of GORD is a... more
Acid Reflux - Diagnosing gastro-oesophageal reflux disease - In most cases, your GP will be able to diagnose gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) by asking you some questions about your symptoms.Further testing for... more
Acid Reflux - Treating gastro-oesophageal reflux disease - Self-care There are a number of self-care techniques that may help to relieve the symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD). They are described... more
Acid Reflux - Complications of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease - The excessive acid that is produced by gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) can damage the lining of your oesophagus and eventually lead to the formation... more
Acid Reflux - See what the doctor sees with Map of Medicine - See what your doctor sees, find out what is happening with your Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease treatment and what the next steps might be.... more
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